Implant Design Hierarchy for Osseointegration Augmentation
Dental implantology has been regarded as one of the most successful treatment modalities in dentistry and medicine. However, the quest for reducing the period between implant placement and final restoration has been endless. Most of the attempts in decreasing the time needed between implant placement and restoration has been rationalized by implant macro (bulk device design) and micro/nanometer scale (surface design) modifications, while substantially less attention has been given to the effect of surgical instrumentation technique and dimensions and its integration to other design features on the early stages of osseointegration. Based on experimental research considering the effects of implant macrodesign, surface, and surgical instrumentation techniques on early osseointegration, this presentation provides informed insight towards design trends that may be included in the next generation of endosseous implants for dental and orthopedic applications.